Strength and Conditioning is the training of athletes towards a certain goal through either gym-based or field-based training.
It is one of the 3 major areas of training that can significantly improve performance with the other two being technique coaching and sport-specific fitness.
The goals given can be quite broad such as a sprinter saying they would like to get faster in the 100m or very specific such as the same sprinter saying they would like to take 0.1 seconds off their first 10 meters coming out of the blocks. Both requests could be achieved through strength and conditioning coaching but may require different training methods in order to do so.
Strength and conditioning heavily ties into the preparation of athletes for competition, their rehabilitation from injury and the prevention of future injuries occurring.
Contrary to common belief, it is assumed that Strength and Conditioning is for athletic purposes. However, Strength and Conditioning is suitable for anyone, whether that is to be able to sit at your desk comfortably focusing on the neck and upper back strength or for recreational runners aiming to take part in their first event.
Whatever your reasoning to improve your daily performance, Strength and Conditoning is a critical aspect of progress and recovery.